Full or Broad Spectrum: What are the Different Types of CBD Oils?

5th July 2019
By Emily Ledger

With so many unfamiliar words surrounding CBD oils, (and the sheer number of products on the market), it is easy to get confused. What is the best product? CBD Isolate, Broad Spectrum or Full Spectrum? While there may not be a clear answer to this question, here is a guide to the products.

CBD Isolate

This is the purest form of CBD. It is made through the complete extraction of CBD (Cannabidiol) from the cannabis plants. This involves the separation from other cannabinoids and terpenes. CBD isolate should always be exclusively CBD.

To create CBD isolate, the other cannabis compounds need to be removed. This is one first by extracting the compounds from the plant itself. The solution is then refined further, until the Cannabidiol is all that remains.

Some speculate that Cannabidiol in this pure form makes it more effective, as it is more potent and concentrated. However, there has been increasing conjecture that this might not be the case…

Broad Spectrum

To create Broad Spectrum CBD oil, the first step remains the same. As in the pure CBD isolate extraction process, the Cannabinoids, Terpenes and Flavonoids are all extracted from the cannabis plant. However, rather than isolating the CBD from the rest of the compounds, only the THC is then removed.

This combination of Cannabinoids, Terpenes and Flavonoids, is supposed to initiate the ‘Entourage Effect’, working together to work more effectively. Of course, without the addition of the psychoactive compound, THC.

Full Spectrum

Again, to extract a Full Spectrum CBD oil, the first step is the same. When extracted from Hemp, the THC concentration in the removed compounds will be less than 0.3% (0.2% in the UK). As opposed to removing all of the other compounds, or just the THC, the compounds are all left to remain in the finished product. A Full Spectrum oil is thought to be the most effective at unlocking ‘the Entourage Effect’.

The Entourage Effect

So, what is the Entourage Effect? Well, to put it simply, this is when all of the compounds extracted from the cannabis plant work together to result in different effects to CBD alone. While more research is needed (as with most things cannabis related), some research indicates that Full Spectrum CBD oils may have a complimentary effect.

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About the Author

Emily Ledger
Prior to joining the team at Canex, Emily studied Journalism at Sheffield Hallam University for three years. During her studies, she specialised in magazine and feature writing and went on to contribute to both the content and design departments at a local magazine. Emily is now the Head of Content at Canex where she has been both curating and contributing articles and content since the launch of the website.

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